Category Archives: Uncategorized

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Waste Management Report

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A  study on Composting commissioned by Niagara Region’s Waste Management Services Division has vindicated the MBT (mechanical Biological treatment) approach to landfill avoidance. The report shows that the costs of Composting are by far the lowest of all alternative options when considering the ‘true cost’ of waste management.

ZWAI recommends that ‘true cost’ analysis be applied to all evaluations of waste management proposals in Ireland. This will ensure we select the most beneficial method for current and future needs. “‘True costs’ represent the cost of operations minus the environmental cost of each option,” said Ollan Herr, director, ZWAI. “The environmental cost is calculated by giving a value to items like greenhouse gas emissions, carbon credits” . The arguments for the beginning of large scale composting and anaerobic digestion of organics in this country are now beyond doubt. This has been brought into sharp focus by the new EU Environmental targets set out on Jan 24th.

Ireland has a lot of catching up to do to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions. The easiest win for Ireland is simply to divert all organics away from landfills through a large scale composting and anaerobic digestion network. This will harness energy from the waste, avoid landfill greenhouse gas emissions and provide valuable fertilizers and soil enrichment. Presently over one third of our landfill waste is organic. This volume can be completely eliminated and put to better use.

ZWAI demands that the Minister for the Environment and Local Government declares the date beyond which it will be illegal for householders or the waste collectors to mix organics with other waste. This should be further enforced by the bylaws. From that date forward all organics in all local authority areas within the state must be composted at home or be presented in a separate organics bin for separate collection.

ZWAI suggests a launch date of January 1st 2009. Organics such as food waste, vegetation waste etc will, in some cases, still be delivered to landfill – however it must be delivered and weighed separately when it arrives at the landfill and then separated. The advantage is that the Minister then has the option to impose a specific organic waste or carbon tax to be imposed only on the organics fraction going to landfill or incineration. This will pay for EPA inspectors to be employed full time at each landfill and incinerator – in the same way that veterinary inspectors are permanently on site at meat factories.

ZWAI are presently engaging with the Ministers strategy advisory group to promote a Zero Waste attitude to all waste issues.


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Living Vicinity to Incinerators and landfills

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Irish Medics At the 2008 AGM of the Irish Medical Organization in Killarney, a motion was passed demanding bio monitoring of people living within the vicinity of incinerators and landfills. Numerous medical studies have appeared internationally outlining the negative impacts on people living within the vicinity of Incinerators and landfills (especially to the unborn) . There is great concern in Ireland with proposals to build waste Incineratros and establish new super landfills in populated areas. The motion sought to address the lack of actual medical data available to decision makers by instituting a comprehensive bio monitoring regime.

The AGM supported the establishment of registers of known relevant baseline health data in the vicinity of new incinerators and landfill sites and in addition that active ongoing health surveillance systems , including bio monitoring, be undertaken in these areas in order to detect changes in the incidence of sentinel diseases and levels of bio toxins in the population

“The AGM also reflected concerns with global warming and energy consumption agreeing that In recognition of the impact of climate change on the health and survival of people in all areas of the world, more particularly in poorer areas, this AGM encourages health professionals and the institutions they work in to reduce their individual carbon footprint as a matter of urgency and furthermore calls on the DOHC and the HSE to give due consideration to the carbon footprint of all aspects of the health services with a view to achieving a 70% reduction by 2050.

“ZWAI welcomes all attempts to reduce waste creation, wasted time, wasted energy and demands a more sustainable approach to our use of natural resources


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Packaging waste

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In addition to paper 682,688 tones of packaging waste has arisen. The stream of packaging waste has risen from 400,000 in 1993 to a figure estimated to be close to 700,000 tones by 1998 (EPA waste management database Summary 1998). According the the EPA summary report for 1998 a major reason for the increase in the amount of packaging is the increased rate of collection of materials for management. However the percentage of this packaging being recycled has remained the same with rate of recovery at 15%, 22% and 14% in 1993, 1995 and 1998 respectively (EPA Newsletter January 1999). This means an overall increase in the amount of waste going to landfill and approximately a 44% shortfall on the governments projected recovery rate. In addition to the 100,905 tones of packaging already collected a further 70,000 tones of packaging waste will have to be retrieved every year in order to achieve the 25% target. The latter is a 2 fold lower target than that for most other European countries. The reason for this is most likely because Ireland cannot realistically achieve this target as the infrastructure required to do so is not in place or well managed. The trend of packaging retrieval seems futile and inefficient in the long term. In agreement with the EU directive on Sustainable development the EPA is prioritizing prevention and minimization before re-use and recycling with energy recovery and disposal at the bottom of their pyramid. (National waste database report EPA 1998, Summary report Jan 1999). Unless we change our ways and realize that the rubbish we dump in our bins is our responsibility then we face increased health risks, further levies on our waste collection and heavy penalties from the EU for failing to meet our objectives as a responsible modern nation.

Questions about packaging

Is there a need for a plastic/paper bag for a carton of milk or packet of biscuits at the local shop?
Often people have a carrier bag/sports bag with them but they are still offered a plastic bag? Many shops have signs saying the assistant will only give you a bag if you ask for one and pay your 22c fee of course. Our experience is you have to ask NOT to have a plastic bag. Politely refuse the offer of a plastic/paper bag if you feel you dont need it. Ask for a paper bag instead or re-use a cardbord box that sometimes are available from re-stocking work in the shop.
Where do you throw your empty soft drink bottle or can?
Find out where your nearest bring bank is. Are there enough/any plastic/glass/aluminum can banks near or at your work place, sports hall, local shopping complex?
Do goods purchased in a shop have to be wrapped in multiple layers of paper and then placed in a box?
Try to cut down on packaging by politely refuse the excessive packaging of materials.


Vehicle Dismantling and Recycling

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Vehicle dismantling and recycling is an industry where at the end of their useful life, cars are dismantled to get spare car parts. Here a car crusher is normally used to reduce the size of the scrapped auto which makes it easier to transport to the steel mill. Each year, around 12-15 million cars go through this process to get the metal they contain. The cars are shredded to recover the metal content that is used for recycling. The remainder is put in a landfill. Currently about 75% of the materials are recycled where the steel industry also benefits with over 14 million tons of steel.

The process is quite complicated as there are numerous parts that need to be recycled and legislation needs to be followed. There are also very many hazardous materials that need to be removed. The process normally begins with the incoming vehicles being inventoried for the spare parts. Recyclers inspect the engine for leaks by starting it. Fluids are drained and removed after inventory. When this is done, the remaining hazardous materials like mercury, battery and sodium azide are gotten rid of. From here all the other products and parts inside are removed and the remaining shell of the car is then crushed before it is recycled.

There are numerous benefits that come about with vehicle dismantling and car breakers as it helps to save natural resources and energy. For instance, the steel industry saves enough energy that can be used to power around 18 million homes for a whole year on a yearly basis. Recycling metal also makes use of about 74% less energy when compared to making metal. This means that recycling of the vehicles helps to save an estimated 85 million barrels of oil each year that could have been used to manufacture other parts. This also keeps around 11 million tons of steel as well as 800,000 non ferrous metals from the landfills as they are taken back to the consumer for use. All this is because all components and parts from an old car that can still be used do not go down to waste.

Some of the policies that the industry works with are that autos found in yards or lots or abandoned on roadsides can be obtained to be safely converted into recycled and reusable commodities. Some of these are restored by classic car specialists who use the best mig welders to get them back in shape. Other factors you should be aware of are that cars are the number one recycled products and that a passenger car by weight typically consists of around 65% iron and steel. It is also important to note that generally car bodies are made 24% from steel that has been recycled.

For specific vehicle brands like BMW, vehicle dismantling and recycling is an economic activity that is sustainable and is an integral part of the value adding chain which includes developing alternative and fuel saving auto concepts. The old vehicles are normally a key source of vital secondary used car parts. If you have a junk truck or car, you can easily convert this into cash by taking it to a reputable center that deals with dismantling and recycling where you will also get to dispose it off in an environmentally friendly manner. To source local vehicle parts in Ireland visit Part Finder or if you are in Northern Ireland visit carpartfinderni.com where you can make a request for what you are looking for and it will be automatically sent out to all the car breakers and dismantlers.


Trucks for Recycling

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One thing that makes trucks more reputable is the fact that they can be used in heavy duty jobs without wearing out easily. Evidently, approximately 87% of a truck comprise of materials made from metals while the remaining 13% is made from rubber and plastic. Therefore, it is logic that approximately, 87% of a truck is recyclable, and that constitutes metal mainly aluminium and iron.

Additionally, even the plastic components are also recyclable and are often used even in new trucks. Among the best trucks for sale that can be recycled include:

1. Volvo trucks- Volvo trucks are designed in a manner that makes it practical and much possible to recycle. The materials used in Volvo trucks are made from metal and plastic, the metals used are mainly iron which are hard to corrode and lasts longer. Interestingly, the plastic and rubber component in Volvo trucks are also easy to recycle for other use. Fortunately, there is a dismantling handbook that gives detailed explanation on how to dismantle various parts and prepare them for recycling. The handbook uses different colour codes to indicate the type of material that was used and therefore gives recyclers a very easy task during recycling.

2. GMC recycle trucks- GMC is yet another popular heavy duty used truck often used for long distance transport. Additionally, its large surface area works wonders to its general balance a feature that has seen it rise to the top list over decades now. GMC trucks are easy to recycle as many parts are readily available and the only thing that one can be forced to replace is the engine alone. GMC trucks uses CAT engines and this makes them easy to maintain and repair.

3. Mercedes trucks- Mercedes without doubt has been in vehicle industry for quite a long period of time. It is this duration that has seen them make state of the art and well capable trucks when it comes to functionality, durability and reliability. Regardless of the year of make, nearly all Mercedes trucks are worth investing on and can be recycled afterwards to serve other purposes like carry to garbage, into tanks as exhausters to mention but a few. Material used in Mercedes trucks are long lasting and easy to maintain. The only constraint when it comes to Mercedes trucks is the fact they are way too pricy and can only be afforded by well established companies. To find Mercedes Trucks in Ireland visit www.mmtrucks.com

4. Nissan hard body trucks- produced by Nissan Company, Nissan hard body trucks are also quite reliable and best when it comes to recycling. Officially known by the name Nissan Datsun, they are built with a double wall bed and an overall styling. Unfortunately, the company no longer manufactures these types of trucks but they can still be found. These trucks have high engine power and can be driven in any kind of road regardless of the weather conditions. In addition, they are also economical in terms of fuel consumption and maintenance. The only constraint with Nissan hard body trucks is that they are small in size and therefore limited to only small jobs.

Trucks use similar parts to car parts although they are usually much more robust and heavy duty die to the purpose of the vehicle.

Other popular truck models that can be recycled include; Chevrolet trucks, Isuzu trucks, Freightliner trucks and CCC trucks.


Scrapping and Recycling Your Car

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Today, global warming is one of the biggest threats that our world is facing. We all know that this problem can gradually bring our world to the end. In order to protect our environment, it is very important to adopt good habits and think about different ways to contribute to the destruction of our environment.

How many people pay attention to what happens after they throw metals, harmful chemicals and other non-biodegradable things away? Most people live with a belief that whatever they throw into the bin, simply disappears another day and they never have to worry about them again.

Solutions To The Problem

One of the best and most efficient ways for us to help out our very own environment is to find ways to scrap cars and reuse old materials that we otherwise think of as useless and leave them lying in landfills and litter bins.

For example, if your van or car ni has become useless, refuse to run and have damaged parts, it would take a lot to repair the vehicle. The chances are that you may think of getting rid of it and buy a new one. Rather than throwing it away, it is best to sell it for scrap metal to be used in recycling. Doing this will not only help you make some extra cash, as well as contribute to the environment and reduce landfills.

Advantages of Scrapping your Car

If you are considering scrapping your car soon, it is advisable to sell it in a scrap yard to be recycled and reused for other purposes. There are many benefits of scrapping and recycling cars. Let’s take a look at some of them:

Environmental Benefits of Scrapping and Recycling Cars

Reducing waste lying in the landfills and finding efficient ways to recycle products offer many ecological benefits. For older vehicles, ensuring that all the parts and components that are still functional can be reused. This helps reducing the demand for new spare parts and ensures that potentially hazardous wastes from the old cars are not putting local environmental concerns at higher risk.

Other Benefits Of Scrapping and Recycling Cars

Authorized Treatment Facility

ATF’s these days is working to help protect the planet from potentially hazardous waste that used and old cars emit while being disposed of. It is very important to dispose the waste efficiently and in a responsible manner, especially when it comes to metals used in the manufacturing of vehicles.

When a vehicle’s life come to the end, there are many materials inside it that can be harmful to the environment, such as air conditioning fluid, brake fluid, left over fuel, the battery and other hazardous materials. At ATFs, these components are separated and disposed of in a controlled environment as per government regulations.

Monetary Benefits

Getting some cash back out of your car once it has totally become useless for you is always a great benefit. Scrapping and recycling cars can help you earn you an extra few quid. All you need is to contact a reputable scrap metal merchant and ask them for their scrap services.

Recycling Benefits

The recycling aspect is another great benefit to the environment. This ensures that your car doesn’t end up as a waste in the landfill site harming the environment. The scrap and recycle services will separate the useful components to be reused for another purpose. This will actively reduce the demand for new components to be manufactured from the base line.